It is a useful measure for comparing investments of unequal length. Borrowing is only worthwhile if the return on the loan exceeds the cost of the borrowed funds. If a firm takes on a project with a positive NPV, the position of the stockholders is improved.

I accepting or investment projects The time value of money Recall that the interaction of lenders with borrowers sets an equilibrium rate of interest. Don't make cash flow one of them Remain cash flow positive all the time. At first glance, investment Y may seem the reasonable choice, but suppose that the payback period for investment X is 1 year and investment Y is 10 years.

The result of the payback period formula will match how often the cash flows are received. The discounted projected cash outflows represent the initial capital outlay of a project. At the end of the simulation period the stand or forest is theoretically clearcut to make the program perform its financial analysis.

The shorter the payback period, the better. Well you have a large initial expense the cost of the boat but after that, you have almost no expenses, so there is no way to re-invest the money back into the project. Costs include land and timber purchases, taxes, forester's fees, timber stand improvement, etc.

It does not consider the time value of money. Define the hurdle rate, which typically is the cost of capital. The higher the IRR, the better.

NPV measures the dollar benefit of the project to shareholders. That would be done at our cost of capital.

Calculations less than one indicate the deficit of the outflows is greater than the discounted inflows and the project should not be accepted.

Cash inflows are treated as positive cash flows since they represent money being brought into the company. We also use this number because sometimes the cash flows in some years might be negative, and we would need to 'borrow'.

Increment borings determine age and soil maps determine site quality. It's fun, isn't it! The option of achieving the best is ruled out and therefore, rational approach is to make most out of the on-hand capital. Note that this formula is simply the NPV formula solved for the particular discount rate that forces the NPV to equal zero.

We don't know exactly how much interest it will earn, so we use the company's cost of capital as a good guess. The time value of money concept, as it applies to the payback period formula, proposes that each future cash flow is worth less when compared to today's value.

Reject if IRR is less than or equal to the hurdle rate.

Investment Y could cause problems if the investment is needed sooner. However, investment X will only return the initial investment whereas investment Y will eventually pay double the initial investment.Profitability Index The NPV of a project divided by the amount of a resource (such as capital) consumed.

When there is a limited resource (such as capital), projects should be selected in order of profitability index ranking starting with the project with the highest index and moving down the ranking until the resource is consumed.

Profitability Index (PI) This is an index used to evaluate proposals for which net present values have been determined.

The profitability index is determined by dividing the present value of each proposal by its initial investment. Chapter 9/Cash Flow and Capital Budgeting Y 43 When a firm is faced with capital rationing, how can the profitability index (PI) be used to select the best projects?

Why doesn’t choosing the projects with the highest PI always lead to the best decision? Based upon the profitability index (PI) and the information provided in the problem, you should: wsimarketing4theweb.com both project A and project B. B. accept project A and reject project B. C. accept project B and reject project A.

Profitability index is an investment appraisal technique calculated by dividing the present value of future cash flows of a project by the initial investment required for the project.

Feb 15, · The net present value (NPV) and profitability (PI) yield same accept or reject rules, because profitability index (PI) can be grater than one only when the project Author: Management Consultant.

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